Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaiʻi. [XII] Hilo i ka ua Kanilehua. [1][9], There are about 50 species in the genus Metrosideros in Southeast Asia and the Pacific and as well one species in South Africa. In the Hawaiian Islands, however, the word ʻōhiʻa is not only used to refer to Syzygium malaccense, but also to other species of Syzygium and Metrosideros that occur there. How to say lehua in English? 'Metrosideros polymorpha (‘ōhi‘a lehua)', This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 22:51. Lehua definition, a tree, Metrosideros villosa, of the Hawaiian islands, yielding a hard wood. I leave. There is … Budding and blooming here and there, Pure and fragrant all declare. a common very showy chiefly Polynesian tree (Metrosideros collinus) of the myrtle family having bright red flowers and a hard wood; also : its… pseudorugosa. Hawaiians have an abundance of words for rain, and several—like Ka ua lu lehua o Pana’ewa (lehua-shedding rain of Panaewa) and Ka ua Noelehua o Waialeale (the misty lehua rain of Waialeale)—incorporate the word lehua. The gods and goddesses also lived within the trees of old Hawaii. Photo by Forest and Kim Starr/Flickr. The bright red flower growing in the tropical forests on Hawaii island is the Lehua. lukuohia. See also the related categories, gods, sacred (holy), and hawaiian. Ohia branches are used to create traditional kalaau, or dancing sticks, and branches bearing both woody parts and flowers to symbolize the male and female elements adorn kuahu (altars) when hula students are in training. p. var. dieteri M. p. var. And renew sweet ones. lehua synonyms, lehua pronunciation, lehua translation, English dictionary definition of lehua. The island of Hawai'i (the big island) recognizes 'Ōhi'a Lehua (metrosideros macropus M. collina), also known as the pua lehua, as the official island flower. It shines fiery red on the leaves of the gnarled Ohia Tree. The species are readily distinguished fro… and S.H. Lehua definition: an evergreen tree, Metrosideros polymorpha , that is common throughout Hawaii and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Entries with "Kalehua" Lehua: see also lehua‎ Lehua (Hawaiian) Origin & history From lehua‎ ("the flower of the ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha); figuratively "warrior, sweetheart"").Proper noun A female… The lehua (flowers) and liko lehua (leaf buds) were used in making lei. Flowers are usually bright to medium red but orange-red, salmon, pink, yellow, or orange forms are also found. In drier areas, problematic invaders include faya tree (Myrica faya) and Christmasberry (Schinus terebinthifolius). Alihua mai nei i ke … So why was ohia’s reduced presence at the festival such a big deal? Lehua is used chiefly in the Hawaiian language and it is also derived from Hawaiian origins. The flowers appear in clusters on the terminal ends of the branches. The flower names given here will surely help you know more about the exotic and tropical Hawaiian flowers. The state flower of Hawai'i is the pua aloalo, or yellow hibiscus. Ohia lehua flowers (Metrosideros polymorpha) are often viewed as symbolic of Pele, the goddess of volcanoes. Some believe that a pure, or snow white, flower form of ʻōhiʻa exists. Alien grasses such as meadow ricegrass (Ehrharta stipoides) may form an understory that prevents or inhibits natural regeneration of the forests. Ohia lehua are tied to many Hawaiian legends.Photo by Frank Hamm/Flickr. This story explains that if you pluck this flower, it will rain on the same day (for a tragic reason). Understanding that she could not have Ohia, furious Pele transformed him into into a gnarly, twisted tree. incanaM. lehuaish. [1] The flowers were used medicinally to treat pain experienced during childbirth. Onaona ku'u maka i ka beauty o ia lei. All Rights Reserved. Photo by the author. Once there was an attractive man named Ohia, and Pele liked him. Though Rapid Ohia Death is currently only found on Hawaii Island, the quickly-spreading disease poses an imminent threat to this significant tree statewide. The reddish brown heartwood of M. polymorpha is very hard, fine textured, and has a specific gravity of 0.7. … One fond embrace. M. p. var. Until we meet again . The loss of the tree would be catastrophic not only to native forests, but also to Hawaiian tradition and storytelling. Hundreds of thousands of trees have already been killed across 34,000 acres of forest. In the wet forests these include the strawberry guava (Psidium littorale), albizia (Falcataria moluccana), and "purple plague" (Miconia calvescens). Hilo of the Kanilehua rain. Pronunciation of lehua with 3 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 2 translations, 15 sentences and more for lehua. Search for more names by meaning. As such, the abundant plant had many uses for early Hawaiians: Ohia’s sturdy wood was used to create weapons, kapa cloth beaters, boards for pounding poi, enclosures and statues; its leaves were used as a medicinal tea; and its flowers and its seeds fed native birds like the apapane and the now-extinct mamo, whose prized feathers—in colors similar to lehua blossoms—were also important adornments in hula and other ceremonies. a Hawaiian tree, Metrosideros villosa, with bright red flowers, yielding a hard wood. But Ohia was in love with another woman called Lehua. To learn more about Rapid Ohia Death and what you can do to stop its spread in Hawaii, visit rapidohiadeath.org. newelli M. p. var. Chimera. The disease is ravaging populations of the tree on Hawaii Island, and has resulted in a permanent ban on taking ohia lehua plants from the island. Ohia tree and lehua blossoms over Halemaumau. In a fit of jealousy, Pele transformed ʻŌhiʻa into a tree. An attractive lehua blossom on the topmost branch. [7] Although the trunk of ʻōhiʻa was not used to make the kaʻele (hull) of waʻa (outrigger canoes), it was used for their nohona waʻa (seats), pale (gunwales), and pola (decking). Medeiros, A.C., C.F. Unfortunately for Pele, Lehua liked Ohia in return. The hardy native ohia lehua is one of the first plants to recolonize otherwise barren lands blanketed in lava, and perhaps because of its ability to thrive in Pele’s creations —or perhaps because of its ashy bark and explosion of blooms that come in bright and fiery orange, yellow, pink and red—many associate the … polymorphaM. glaberrima M. p. var. The legend says Pele was intrigued by a handsome man called Ohia. There are about 50 species in the genus Metrosideros in Southeast Asia and the Pacific and as well one species in South Africa. Several cultivars of M. excelsa, the pohutukawa tree of New Zealand, have been sometimes planted as ornamentals in Hawaiʻi but are not reported to have naturalized. A small Ohia tree growing in an old lava flow in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Masses of stamens extend from the flower and give the blossoms their characteristic pom-pom shape. The Kanilehua rain, or the rain that patters in the lehua forest, is frequently referred to in chants and songs of Hilo. Define ohia lehua. Rainfall of 1,000–3,000 mm (39–118 in) per year is favored, but ʻōhiʻa can grow in dry forests that receive as little as 400 mm (16 in) or bogs that get more than 10,000 mm (390 in) of rain. The goddess of the ohia-lehua forest is one of those. The specific epithet polymorpha, meaning 'many forms', is very appropriate, since individuals of this species exhibit many different morphologies and inhabit a broad range of ecological situations. Typically, halau collect their adornments from the forest and return them after the competition. Lehua Island is a small, crescent-shaped island in the Hawaiian islands, 0.7 miles (1.1 km) north of Niʻihau, due west of Kauai.The uninhabited, 279-acre (1.13 km 2) barren island is a tuff cone which is part of the extinct Niʻihau volcano.. Lehua was one of the first five islands sighted by Captain James Cook in 1778 which he spelled as … This is because these flowers were some of the first to begin growing on lava flows after an eruption. Metrosideros kermadecensis, from the Kermadec Islands north of New Zealand, has recently become naturalized on Maui and may become a pest species. The sweet and gentle one living in the distance. At high elevations, and in areas with poor soils or little rainfall, shrub forms are the norm. There’s an interesting Hawaiian legend about the Ohia tree and its flower, the Lehua blossom. [1] On moist, deep soils, ʻōhiʻa grows to 20–25 m (66–82 ft) high. At the 2016 Merrie Monarch Festival, for the first time in its more than half-a-century history, many hula halau (hula schools) opted to forgo traditional lei and adornments from the ohia lehua tree in order to stem the spread of a blight known as Rapid Ohia Death (ROD). Today, Hawaiians believe that if you remove a lehua flower from a tree, it will rain – the tears of the couple as they are separated. Figurative Translation: Flower of jasmine, oh so fair! The brilliant and hardy red bloom plays a major role in Hawaiian culture and storytelling. le•hu•a (leɪˈhu ɑ) n., pl. When listening to traditional Hawaiian moolelo (stories), mele (songs) and oli (chants) about the land or the Gods, it’s almost impossible to avoid some mention of ohia or its lehua flowers. [816,23] Hawaiian names do give indication to a wide range of whitish forms: ʻōhiʻa hākea or lehua haʻakea (cream), ʻōhiʻa kea or lehua kea (clear white), and ʻōhiʻa lehua puakea or lehua pua kea (pale). New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago. Let me take you with tender care, Your sweetness for all to share. The Hawaiian Islands are home to five species of Metrosideros that are endemic to the islands, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world. The flower is known as the first flower to begin growing on lava flows after a volcanic eruption. Orchids Ohia lehua flowers (Metrosideros polymorpha) are often viewed as symbolic of Pele, the goddess of volcanoes. Jasmine flower, oh jasmine flower . But, because there still is still so much to learn about ROD—including how it spreads and how to cure it—concerned community members hosted a Puaenaena Ceremony to burn any ohia parts that were brought to Merrie Monarch and return their ashes to the forest instead. COVID-19 Updates: View the current state guidelines for travel to Hawaiʻi. When a lehua flower is picked, rain will come representing the separated lovers’ tears. Plumeria flowers meaning includes a representation of love, birth, and new beginnings. If ever there was a flower that made the world smile, it's this pretty little thing, whose meaning is innocence. Thus the Metrosideros polymorpha may be referred to correctly as a lehua tree, or as an ʻōhiʻa lehua, or simply an ʻōhiʻa.[4][5]. Metrosideros polymorpha was originally classified as a variety of M. collina, native to Rarotonga, Tahiti, and other islands of Polynesia, but now is generally accepted as a distinct Hawaiian endemic species. To evoke or inspire the Gods and enhance their storytelling, hula dancers traditionally wear lehua blossoms or buds in lei headbands, around wrists and ankles. The plant can be found growing in dry and wet environments from sea level to heights above 5,000 feet as a shrub, a towering tree or even an epiphyte living off other trees. An attractive person. And, indeed, there is a well-known Hawaiian story that tells the tale of their intertwined fates. It is relatively slow growing. In Hawaiian mythology, ʻŌhiʻa and Lehua were two young lovers. The Lehua Flower of the vale. Bishop Museum Special Publication 97, University of Hawaiʻi Press, Honolulu. But Pele isn’t the only god associated with ohia lehua. Flower of jasmine, oh so fair! Hawaii is so poetic the names get entwined, the tree and the flower is the Ohia-Lehua tree. The legend is tied to the volcano goddess, Pele. [8], ʻŌhiʻa lehua is one of the few honey plants that is native to the Hawaiian Islands. The daisy's free spirit vibe … It is a highly variable tree, being 20–25 m (66–82 ft) tall in favorable situations, and a much smaller prostrate shrub when growing in boggy soils or directly on basalt. The summit of Lanihuli towers over the right side of the photo above with lehua papa flowers on … See more ideas about hawaiian plants, hawaii flowers, hawaiian flowers. Don't pick the flowers: legend says that explains that if you pluck the pua lehua it will rain. The Hawaiian Islands are home to five species of Metrosideros that are endemic to the islands, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world. The volcano goddess Pele fell in love with the handsome ʻŌhiʻa and approached him, but he turned down her advances. Some trees have fibrous aerial roots to gather moisture. Specimens reaching 30 m (98 ft) high are on record. In short, this multifaceted mainstay of native forests has as many culturally symbolic uses and meanings as it does forms. Jasmine fair, oh jasmine fair. [Chorus:] Goodbye, goodbye. The legend says that one day Pele met a handsome warrior named Ohia and she … [XI] He maoli pua lehua o ka wekiu. 1999. It is a bottlebrush- blossom. Another name for the flower is the pua lehua. Metrosideros polymorpha may occur as a tall tree or a prostrate shrub, and everything in between. Many native Hawaiian traditions refer to the tree and the forests it forms as sacred to Pele, the volcano goddess, and to Laka, the goddess of hula. Starr, F., K. Starr, and L.L. View the current state guidelines for travel to Hawaiʻi, Q&A with Fishpond Educator and Caretaker Luka Mossman, Everything You Need To Know About Lychee in Hawaiʻi, 3 Legends About Hawaiʻi's King Kamehameha, The Stories Behind 8 Hawaiʻi Towns and Beaches. ʻŌhiʻa lehua is endemic to Hawaii, and is occurs on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi and can be found from sea level to over 7,000 feet elevation. Though some of those words describe the nature of the rain falling on lehua blossoms, the same Hawaiian legend also eludes to an additional relationship between lehua blossoms and the rain, the tears of the two lovers, Ohia and Lehua, when they are separated. © 2020 HAWAIʻI Magazine. Home » Myths and Legends » Ohia Lehua, and the jealousy of Pele There is an interesting Hawaiian legend tied to the Ohia tree and its flower, the Lehua blossom. Herbst and S.H. Photo by Frank Hamm/Flickr. Metrosideros polymorpha forests in Hawaiʻi have been invaded by myriad alien species. Close-up of ohia lehua blossom. Lehua was devastated by this transformation and out of pity the other gods turned her into a flower and placed her upon the ʻōhiʻa tree. In April 2018, the cause of Rapid 'Ohi'a Death was identified as two species of Ceratocystis previously unknown to science: C. huliohia and C. [12] By May 2018, infected ʻōhiʻa trees were found on the island of Kauai, prompting requests that members of the public limit transportation of ʻōhiʻa products within the island.[13]. Elbert. [17] Other versions say that Pele felt remorseful but was unable to reverse the change, so she turned Lehua into a flower herself. Li'i Li'i Ahi Pua o' Lehua (Little Flame Flower of Ohia) It, too, is 7 feet square and I used the green stitching as I had in Lau Puka Puka to suggest the winter rains. Fond memories bring me back. Lehua begged for the spell to be reversed, but Pele was spiteful and refused. But Ohia had eyes for another woman: Lehua. In various stories, the plant is a kinolau, or physical manifestation, of several Hawaiian gods and goddesses including Ku, Hiiaka, Kane, Kapo as well as, some say, Laka, the goddess of hula. Of times past. For this beautiful, royal flower lei. Ohia tree in the Kahuku Unit of HawaiiVolcanoes National Park. The Ohia trees have little paintbrush flowers that glow bright red against the olive green of the leaves and the greyish black of the Ohia trunks. Goodbye, my love. The Ohia Lehua Flower. Lehua is a rare baby girl name. You are mine regardless [Chorus] I realize your beauty. Lehua definition is - a common very showy chiefly Polynesian tree (Metrosideros collinus) of the myrtle family having bright red flowers and a hard wood; also : its flower. Hawaiian Dictionary. Lehua papa is endemic to Oahu and grows near and along the Koolau Summit ridge. In drier areas, M. polymorpha has to compete with silk oak (Grevillea robusta) and fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum). 27 people chose this as the best definition of lehua: A tropical tree (Metrosid... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. 1986. The disease gets this name because healthy trees appear to die within a few days to a few weeks. Dominant in cloud forests above 400 m (1,300 ft), the tree is also common in seasonally wet forests, where it may be dominant or form mixtures with the native Acacia koa. macropus, M. rugosa, M. tremuloides, and M. waialealae. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 79:20-30. [11] While ʻōhiʻa itself remains extremely abundant, some species that depend on it such as the ʻakekeʻe (Loxops caeruleirostris) and longhorn beetles in the genus Plagithmysus have become endangered due to shrinkage of forest areas. The flower of the ohia tree is considered sacred and to pick it is forbidden unless proper invocations are said. My affection is for the lei lihilihi lehua. The meaning of the name is sacred to the gods. As you might expect, the legend is tied to the volcano goddess, Pele. As the wood burned hot and cleanly, it was excellent wahie (firewood). In a sort of compromise, they decided the lovers should be forever united and so transformed Lehua into an adornment on the Ohia tree, the lehua blossom. It produces a brilliant display of flowers, made up of a mass of stamens, which can range from fiery red to yellow. Yellow hibiscus (hibiscus brackenridgei) is also the official Hawaii state flower. Wagner, W.L., D.R. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. The genus name Metrosideros is derived from the Greek words metra, meaning 'heartwood', and sideron, meaning 'iron', and refers to the hard wood of the trees in this genus. These are: Metrosideros polymorpha,M. ... [Hawaiian 'ōhi'a lehua: 'ōhi'a, ohia lehua + lehua, flower of the ohia lehua.] macrophylla M. p. var. It’s said that shortly after a lehua flower is picked, it will rain. [6] In native Hawaiian society, it was used in house and heiau construction, as well as to make papa kuʻi ʻai (poi boards), weapons, tool handles, hohoa (round kapa beaters), and kiʻi (statues and idols). Desperate, Lehua then beseeched the other Gods to intervene. First, The Big Island is red for the fire goddess Pele who lives there, lava is also red. Lehua definition: an evergreen tree, Metrosideros polymorpha , that is common throughout Hawaii and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples ohia lehua synonyms, ohia lehua pronunciation, ohia lehua translation, English dictionary definition of ohia lehua. [16] The derivation of the word lehua is more obscure, and while there are many opinions regarding its origin, there has been, to date, no historical linguistic study of the word to provide convincing evidence for any particular etymology. See more. Davenport, and C.G. Metrosideros polymorpha is the most common native tree in the Hawaiian Islands, tolerating a wide range of soil conditions, temperature, and rainfall. A petite person, as pretty as small, flower-laden tree. The species are readily distinguished from one another by the characteristics of their leaves.[10]. Here, the author is describing the mythical and spiritual meaning placed on Ohia tree. Pua nani auli'i o ka lehua e. Aloha i ku'u lei lihilihi lehua . The trunk varies in form. Metrosideros polymorpha, the ʻōhiʻa lehua,[3] is a species of flowering evergreen tree in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, that is endemic to the six largest islands of Hawaiʻi. Aug 3, 2020 - hints for lehua illustration. macropus, M. rugosa, M. tremuloides, and M. waialealae. p. var. Lehua na apane i ka ua Lilinoe. [14] The Hawaiian language word ʻōhiʻa is thought to have been derived from the ancestral Proto-Oceanic word, *kafika. Preferred soils are acidic to neutral (pH 3.6-7.4) and either a Histosol, Mollisol, Podsol, Oxisol, Ultisol, or Alfisol. The hardy native ohia lehua is one of the first plants to recolonize otherwise barren lands blanketed in lava, and perhaps because of its ability to thrive in Pele’s creations —or perhaps because of its ashy bark and explosion of blooms that come in bright and fiery orange, yellow, pink and red—many associate the plant with the Hawaiian fire goddess. -hu•as. ʻŌhiʻa trees grow easily on lava, and are usually the first plants to grow on new lava flows. A submission from California, U.S. says the name Lehua means "Ohia Lehua, the Hawaiian state flower" and is of Hawaiian origin. It is a common misconception that the word ʻōhiʻa is used to refer to the tree and that the word lehua refers only to its flowers. • Wood traditionally used for kapa beaters, poi boards, and weapons • Leaves were used as a medicinal tea • Flowers and young growth used for lei and hula altar adornment • Several Hawaiian words for rain refer to lehua e.g. [18] It is said that when a lehua flower is plucked from an ʻōhiʻa tree, the sky will fill with rain representing the separated lovers' tears. Pā (fencing) was made from the wood due to its availability; kauila (Colubrina oppositifolia or Alphitonia ponderosa), more durable woods when in contact with soil, was rarer. pumila M. p. var. In some trees, it is straight and smooth; in others, it is twisted and prominently fluted. Pukui, M.K. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "Auwahi: Ethnobotany of a Hawaiian Dryland Forest", "A History of Honeybees in the Hawaiian Islands", "Two new species of fungi that kill ʻōhiʻa trees get Hawaiian names", Lehua Flowers and Ohia Tree: The Legend of Ohia and Lehua, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metrosideros_polymorpha&oldid=982405151, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.