Herceg Novi is a coastal town located at the entrance to the Boka Bay (or Bay of Kotor), a jewel of the Adriatic, and at the foot of mount Orjen. Its centuries long history saw the split of the Roman Empire, the domination of both Western and Byzantine Empires, as well as of Serbian Kingdom, Ottoman Empire, Venice, and France. In 1918 it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Exposed to many conquests and cultural influences, Herceg Novi took something from everybody, added its own stamp and did everything possible to differ from all other coastal towns in Montenegro. It was always a town with good communications, and a place where different civilizations met. Its rich history is now visible in a number of cultural and architectural monuments, such as Kanli Kula, fortress build by the Turks around 1539, Forte Mare fortress, whose construction started in 15th century and continued under Venetian rule, St Jerome’s Church built in 17th century, etc.
Herceg Novi is called the „green city“, the „sun city“ and the „city of artists“ with very good reason. Due to its southern exposure and close to both the sea and mountains, Herceg Novi has been blessed with an unusual micro climate. It has more than 200 sunny days a year, and 10.7 sunny hours per day in July and August. The annual average temperature is 16.2 ° C, the same as the Mediterranean cities of Naples and Lisbon.
It is no wonder that many artists, writers, and thinkers lived, studied or often stayed in Herceg Novi. Montenegrin bishop-prince and one of the greatest Slavic poets, Petar II Petrović Njegoš, studied there, and it is to Herceg Novi that Ivo Andrić, Nobel Prize winner, moved in 1964.
According to Andrić, “Herceg Novi is a town of eternal greenery, sun and stairs”, and it also found its place in Njegoš’s most famous poem The Mountain Wreath:
“O Novi Grad, you sit by the sea-shore
and count the waves as they roll in and out,
like an old man who, sitting by the rock,
counts and recounts bids of his rosary.”
Today, Herceg Novi is home to many cultural events throughout the year, such as Mimosa Festival, Montenegrin Opera Festival, Days of Music, Guitar Art Summer Fest, Film Festival, and many more.
Find out more about Herceg Novi here.