Common prepositions include: above, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, near, of, off, on, to, toward, under, upon, with, and within. Present perfect tense followed by past tense. That has more to do with the formatting of dialogue than with the word “which”. For both of those reasons, we know that “which I enjoy the most” functions as a restrictive phrase in this case, and it therefore does not require commas. Each mark has it's own job to do. An indirect question has been rewritten in a declarative style that doesn’t require a question mark. The topic that I enjoy the most is art history. However, we don't use a comma before a restrictive relative clause which provides essential information about the noun to which it refers. Thank you. In this context, “which” introduces a phrase that gives extra information about a person or thing. The store is closed. Replies and comments they make will be collapsed/hidden by default. Commas before as can be more tricky. It’s normally set off from the rest of a sentence with commas. As you know, unless the sentence is very short, a comma does come before "but" when it introduces the second independent clause. Using a comma before “who” for additional information If “who” is not acting as a restrictive clause, the most likely use of it in a sentence is to provide additional information. It also has an interactive exercise. You could easily remove the nonrestrictive clause from the sentence without changing the meaning. We can join the two clauses with a conjun… The key to understanding commas here is to figure out whether the clause beginning with “where” contains information that is essential or nonessential to make sense of the whole sentence. Interestingly, in American English, people usually prefer the word “that” to “which” in a defining clause or any other restrictive clause. On the other hand, when a direct question appears within a longer sentence, it should always be set off by a comma. Even if you replace “which” with another word, you would still need the same formatting for any piece of dialogue. If the clause begins with a which, continue to step 2. a. In other words, it depends on how important the phrase is to the overall meaning of the sentence. It is also an independent clause. Commas can separate adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and introduce direct quotations. Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. . If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. . The word “which” has a few different use cases in the English language. Whether it is correct to use a comma before a coordinating conjunction ("and", "but", "or", "nor", "for", "yet", "so") depends on the situation. Let’s begin with an example of a complete sentence. For example: ‘It’s cold outside, and I can’t find my coat.’ ‘We want to visit Big Ben, and then see Tower Bridge on Thursday.’ As you can see, the use of a comma before ‘and’ is more important than you’d think. After earning a perfect score on the Writing SAT, I worked my way through Brown University by moonlighting as a Kaplan Test Prep tutor. If the clause begins with a that, omit the comma. Often, the word “which” appears as part of a clause that isn’t essential to the meaning of the sentence. From my home office in Maui, Hawaii, I currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects. A comma is a form of punctuation that indicates a pause in a sentence and separates items in a list. Current Visitors: 391 (1 member, 390 guests). . There are three primary uses of conjunctions: When a coordinating conjunction is used to connect two independent clauses, a comma is always used. Note the comma before WITH. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. This page has examples explaining when to use commas before 'which' and 'who' and when to omit commas. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. There are different punctuation marks in the English language. Comma before which; 5 replies. I’m an award-winning playwright with a penchant for wordplay. And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. Can anyone explain the difference? Compare that one with another one. Like because, as can be used as a conjunction or as an adverb. jakeybum, Jan 1, 2018 #1. After No is a plural noun or a singular noun. The event may not take place until March 17, but the competitors are already champing at the bit, with the Hall of Fame inductions and many other specialized events to take place. In the example above, the direct question must be set off from the rest of the sentence. Oxford commas are also known as serial or Harvard commas. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/grammar/british-grammar/relative-clauses-defining-and-non-defining, http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/restrictiveclauses/, https://www.dictionary.com/e/that-vs-which/, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/punctuation/commas/extended_rules_for_commas.html, https://grammar.collinsdictionary.com/us/easy-learning/interrogative-pronouns. They want to know, which dependent clause should be deleted? And . A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or … Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. Finally, you'll never receive email notifications about content they create or likes they designate for your content. When the information that follows the relative pronouns is essential to the sentence, you do not use a comma. Use a comma before which when it introduces a nonrestrictive phrase. . Deciding whether to use a comma before which, where, or who means determining the function of the relative clause. You also don’t need a comma before “which” when it’s used as part of an indirect question. He introduced a comma splice which is a common grammatical error. As for the comma before "but" – in your sentence I think it is preferable because it makes for easier reading. In the sentence above, the relative clause explains more about the word “French,” but it’s not essential information. These words are called relative pronouns. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. Is there always a comma before which in a sentence such as - - . Dependent clauses (clauses introduced by words like “that”, “which”, “who”, “where”, “how”, etc.) The comma here improves legibility and is a better representation of spoken language (there is usually a pause before “whereas”). 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