“With so much uncertainty and so many emotions running high and, you know, our country is divided on so many things ... there is kind of an underlying fear as far as what the future could hold and how people could respond.”. Thomas, the youngest member of the team at 18, grew up in a beach town in New Zealand and spent much of her free time with seabirds and other wildlife. 4 Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument 5. , "Sandwich Islands" redirects here. Their primary job is removing invasive plants and replacing them with native species and cleaning up debris such as fishing nets and plastic that washes ashore. , The climate of the Hawaiian Islands is tropical but it experiences many different climates, depending on altitude and weather. Your email address will not be published. Cut off from the rest of the planet since February, Butschek, and three others are re-emerging from Kure Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, one … A former Coast Guard station, the atoll is home to seabirds, endangered Hawaiian monk seals and coral reefs that are teeming with sea turtles, tiger sharks and other marine life. “If there was anything serious that happened when I was gone, they would have told me, but then again, maybe not,” she said. Hawaii, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Tern Island. But everyone is like, yeah, this is what we do now. , Hawaii accounted for 7.3% of the United States' reported earthquakes with a magnitude 3.5 or greater from 1974 to 2003, with a total 1533 earthquakes. The furlough plan, expected to save about $300 million, equates to a 9% pay cut. In August 2010, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee added Papahānaumokuākea to its list of World Heritage Sites. The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory of the USGS documents recent volcanic activity and provides images and interpretations of the volcanism. , On June 15, 2006, President George W. Bush issued a public proclamation creating Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument under the Antiquities Act of 1906. Kure Atoll. This is the first expedition to this area since President Bush's proclamation designating it the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument.. Bandit angelfish Masked angelfish Hawaiian morwong Crosshatch triggerfish Table coral. Much of the information about the NWHI has been passed down in oral and written histories, genealogies, songs, dance, and archaeological resources. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. And there is the thing about the guy that tested positive in the middle of the game or something. The majority of eruptions in Hawaiʻi are Hawaiian-type eruptions because basaltic magma is relatively fluid compared with magmas typically involved in more explosive eruptions, such as the andesitic magmas that produce some of the spectacular and dangerous eruptions around the margins of the Pacific basin. They began this expedition on June 23, 2006. All except Kahoolawe are inhabited.. The isolation of Kure “felt strong” at that moment, but he said he tends to like his space when emotional. Thus, the southeast island is volcanically active, whereas the islands on the northwest end of the archipelago are older and typically smaller, due to longer exposure to erosion. , The Hawaiian Islands have a total land area of 6,423.4 square miles (16,636.5 km2). It was relatively minor, but local emergency management officials utilized the latest technology and ordered evacuations in preparation for a possible major event. The Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian: Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) from the island of Hawaiʻi in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll. For other uses, see, an archipelago in the North Pacific Ocean, administered by the US state of Hawaii, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (, On October 15, 2006, there was an earthquake, List of animal species introduced to the Hawaiian Islands, list of extinct animals of the Hawaiian Islands, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, "From Cook to the 1840 Constitution: The Name Change from Sandwich to Hawaiian Islands", "Guide to State and Local Census Geography – Hawaii", U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Island of Hawaiʻi, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Maui Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Oʻahu Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kauaʻi Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Molokaʻi Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lānaʻi Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Niʻihau Island, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kahoʻolawe Island, "Hawaii Population 2016 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)", "Tectonics, geochronology, and origin of the Hawaiian-Emperor Volcanic Chain", "Potassium-Argon Ages of Lavas from the Hawi and Pololu Volcanic Series, Kohala Volcano, Hawaii", 10.1130/0016-7606(1972)83[3731:PAOLFT]2.0.CO;2, "Petrography and K-Ar Ages of Dredged Volcanic Rocks from the Western Hawaiian Ridge and the Southern Emperor Seamount Chain", "Tohoku-Oki Earthquake Tsunami Runup and Inundation Data for Sites Around the Island of Hawai'i", "Hawaii Is Now Home to an Ocean Reserve Twice the Size of Texas", "21 sites added to Unesco World Heritage list – Wikinews, the free news source", "Unesco Adds 21 Sites to World Heritage List", "World Heritage Committee inscribes a total of 21 new sites on UNESCO World Heritage List", "Obama expands Papahanaumokuakea marine reserve; plans Oahu trip", "Fact Sheet: President Obama to Create the World's Largest Marine Protected Area", An integrated information website focused on the Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE), "Hawaiian Volcanoes – Introduction – Department of Geosciences", Oregon State University College of Science, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hawaiian_Islands&oldid=990955470, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Hawaiian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Now, it’s threatened by climate change, pollution and politics. It was relatively minor, but local officials ordered evacuations in preparation for a possible major event. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. 420 Waiakamilo Road, Suite 205Honolulu, HI 96817Main (808) 847-3246News (808) 847-1112. “We were just seeing stories on the television and that sort of thing,” she said. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) are a chain of tiny islands, atolls and shoals that spans more than 2000 km of the Pacific. In Hawaiian traditions, the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are considered a sacred place, a region of primordial darkness from which life springs and spirits return after death (Kikiloi 2006). Working on the atoll means getting information about the world slowly, and often not at all, Worcester said. The tsunami caused about $30.1 million in damages. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. As humans cleared land for farming, monocultural crop production replaced multi-species systems. The Monument encompasses the northwestern Hawaiian Islands and surrounding waters, forming the largest marine wildlife reserve in the world. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve Celebrates 20 years 2020 State of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Released Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Celebrates 10 Years as a World Heritage Site Algae species discovered infesting NW Hawaiian waters has been identified Papahānaumokuākea Research and Conservation Fund … The Hawaiian Islands are about 2,500 miles (4,000 km) from North America and 3,800 miles (6,100 km) from Asia, and it is because of this isolation that the Hawaiian Islands have extraordinary numbers of unique species. Tsunamis are most often caused by earthquakes somewhere in the Pacific. “And it’s like some people are wearing face masks and some people aren’t. Posted 14 m minutes ago Fri Friday 20 Nov November 2020 at … Required fields are marked * Comment. The Associated Press is an independent global news organization dedicated to factual reporting. The islands are about 1,860 miles (3,000 km) from the nearest continent. “It’s not normal for me. He could not grieve with his family. Credit: Greg McFall/NOAA He pūkoʻa kani ʻāina A coral reef that grows into an island A person beginning in a small way gains steadily until he … , The islands are home to a multitude of endemic species. Google Street View images are available for five of the primary emergent land masses in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, which are also part of the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. A Gray Media Group, Inc. Station - © 2002-2020 Gray Television, Inc. Land Use. The expedition was her first time being away from home for so long, but she was ready to disconnect. The only active volcanism in the last 200 years has been on the southeastern island, Hawaiʻi, and on the submerged but growing volcano to the extreme southeast, Loʻihi. Tsunamis may also originate from the Hawaiian Islands. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Important Bird Area coincides exactly with the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, which was established on June 15, 2006. Thomas is now in a hotel in quarantine in Auckland, where she lives with her parents, sister and a dog named Benny. Aug 16 2014. , During the summer months the average temperature is about 84 °F (29 °C), in the winter months it is approximately 78,8 °F (26°C). The state of Hawaii occupies the archipelago almost in its entirety (including the mostly uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands), with the sole exception of Midway Island, which also belongs to the United States, albeit as one of its unincorporated territories within the United States Minor Outlying Islands. New cases per day have rocketed to more than 200,000 on average. “All these … precautions, these things, people sick everywhere. Saunter, 35, has worked on Kure since 2010, the same year he met and began dating Worcester. , In general, the lowlands of Hawaiian Islands receive most of their precipitation during the winter months (October to April). The contemporary na… Smaller islands, atolls, and reefs (all west of Niʻihau are uninhabited except Midway Atoll) form the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, or Hawaiian Leeward Islands: The state of Hawaii counts 137 "islands" in the Hawaiian chain. Photo: Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo, NOAA Corps . She also fears for the health and safety of her friends and family. I don’t need to see all the horrible things that are going on right now.”. He believes the leadership skills he’s learned in the wilderness will translate well to life in the pandemic. The Hawaiian monk seal is primarily found on the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands that are made up of coral reef atolls, seamounts, banks, and shoals. Cut off from the rest of the planet, their world was limited to a tiny patch of sand halfway between the U.S. mainland and Asia. Mauna Loa, taking up over half of the Big Island, is the largest shield volcano on the Earth. This is how we live,” he said. About 70 percent of all coral reefs in U.S. waters are in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), a remote chain of small islands and atolls that stretches for more than 1,000 nautical miles (nm) northwest of the main Hawaiian Islands. The measurement from sea level to summit is more than 2.5 miles (4 km), from sea level to sea floor about 3.1 miles (5 km). Essay about Hawaiian Volcanoes , The date of the first settlements of the Hawaiian Islands is a topic of continuing debate. Coordinates: 21°N 157°W / 21°N 157°W / 21; -157. There is very little coarser-grained gabbro and diabase. As the temperature is relatively constant over the year the probability of dangerous thunderstorms is approximately low.  The islands receive most rainfall from the trade winds on their north and east flanks (the windward side) as a result of orographic precipitation. By the time she left Honolulu for Kure, the virus was starting to “creep a little closer” to the islands. They are a part of the State of Hawaii, except for Midway Atoll. Apr 12, 2015 - Northwestern Hawaiian Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , Captain James Cook visited the islands on January 18, 1778, and named them the "Sandwich Islands" in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, who as the First Lord of the Admiralty was one of his sponsors. “People who are in remote places … rely on your communication.”. They are located northwest (some far to the northwest) of the islands of Kaua'i and Ni'ihau.  From this study and others, it is estimated that the northwesternmost island, Kure Atoll, is the oldest at approximately 28 million years (Ma); while the southeasternmost island, Hawaiʻi, is approximately 0.4 Ma (400,000 years). Kīlauea had been erupting nearly continuously since 1983 when it stopped August 2018. She’s a veteran of remote fieldwork in Alaska, Washington, Wyoming and the Sierra Nevada mountains. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. She also worries about the pandemic’s cost in a larger sense.  Drier conditions generally prevail from May to September. As a result, many species which depended on forest habitats and food became extinct—with many current species facing extinction. “I’ve never seen anything like this, but I started reading the book “The Stand” by Stephen King, which is about a disease outbreak, and I was thinking, ‘Oh my goodness, is this what it’s going to be like to go home?’” said Charlie Thomas, one of the four island workers. The Hawaiian Islands are subject to tsunamis, great waves that strike the shore. This is due to the fact that the monk seals primarily forage on the barrier reefs. They have been partners in life and on the island for a decade. The Hawaiian Islands are the exposed peaks of a great undersea mountain range known as the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain, formed by volcanic activity over a hotspot in the Earth's mantle. It reminded him of apocalyptic movies. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), the geologically oldest and smallest islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago, extend approximately 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles) from the island of Nihoa in the southeast to Kure Atoll in the northwest. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 13:43. northwestern hawaiian islands benthic macroinvertebrate community assessment, october 2000 submitted to u.s. department of commerce national oceanic and atmospheric administration national ocean service national centers for coastal ocean science center for coastal monitoring and assessment 219 fort johnson road charleston, south carolina 29412 During a moment alone, she turned on a TV. The initial earthquake was followed approximately five minutes later by a magnitude 5.7 aftershock. Between 1833 and 1896, approximately 4 or 5 earthquakes were reported per year. They are highly complex and productive ecosystems composed We’re leaving. Assisted Files and Data for All Islands. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Papahanaumokuakea) The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), now part of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, are remnants of high islands once located where the main Hawaiian Islands are today. Isolated for months in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, this crew must now come to terms with a world changed by coronavirus. While in quarantine last week, Butschek looked out the window of his cabin in Honolulu and saw school-aged children playing on rocks and climbing trees — all wearing face masks. Isolated for months in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, crew sees pandemic for 1st time . The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or the Leeward Islands are the small islands and atolls in the northwestern Hawaiian islands archipelago. Almost all of the magma of the hotspot has the composition of basalt, and so the Hawaiian volcanoes are composed almost entirely of this igneous rock. Nephelinite is exposed on the islands but is extremely rare. “I drank a beer for him and just kind of thought about memories,” he said, describing sitting in his bunk house alone after a long day of fieldwork. “I remember reading that, thinking it was a joke and then realizing it wasn’t, so my heart started pounding and I was breathing heavily,” he said. When Thomas left New Zealand for Hawaii, there were no virus cases nearby that she can recall. All rights reserved. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve Celebrates 20 years By Athline Clark French Frigate Shoals reefscape. November 20, 2020 at 4:53 AM HST - Updated November 20 at 4:53 AM, Hawaii reports 4 additional COVID-19 fatalities, 80 new infections, Japanese budget airline to launch service between Tokyo, Honolulu. Most Northwestern Hawaiian Islands hotels offer free cancellation. The city of Hilo on the Big Island has been most affected by tsunamis, where the in-rushing water is accentuated by the shape of Hilo Bay. Now they are back, re-emerging into a changed society that might feel as foreign today as island isolation did in March. Just look for the ‘free cancellation’ message during your hotel search.Prices can vary, but right now we believe that flexibility matters. The island of Molokaʻi had a catastrophic collapse or debris avalanche over a million years ago; this underwater landslide likely caused tsunamis. The growing population of humans has also led to deforestation, forest degradation, treeless grasslands, and environmental degradation. They must adjust to wearing face masks, staying indoors and seeing friends without giving hugs or hearty handshakes. Her focus for the coming months will be to start arranging the Kure trip for next summer.  Coastal areas in general and especially the south and west flanks or leeward sides, tend to be drier.  This number includes all minor islands and islets (very small islands) offshore of the main islands (listed above) and individual islets in each atoll. She will miss hugs and “squishing five people on a bench to have dinner,” she said. On October 15, 2006, there was an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.7 off the northwest coast of the island of Hawaii, near the Kona area of the big island. This led to increased clearing of forests, and the development of towns, adding many more species to the list of extinct animals of the Hawaiian Islands. Pingback: Secret Abandoned Bunker – hawaiisunshine. Before they leave, team members are often asked if they want to receive bad news while away, said Cynthia Vanderlip, the supervisor for the Kure program. Continue Reading. These are just a few: This chain of islands, or archipelago, developed as the Pacific Plate slowly moved northwestward over a hotspot in the Earth's mantle at a rate of approximately 32 miles (51 km) per million years. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands is one of the most remote places on Earth. Since human settlement, first by Polynesians, non native trees, plants, and animals were introduced. When most people think of Hawaii, they think about Honolulu, Waikiki Beach and Pearl Harbor (which are all on the island of Oahu); others are maybe even familiar with the neighbor islands of Kauai, Maui, Lanai, Molokai or the Big Island, the lesser visited Hawaii tourism destinations. Macdonald, G. A., A. T. Abbott, and F. L. Peterson. “I guess I didn’t really know what to think because we were getting so many different answers to questions that we were asking,” she said. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Atlas. After so many years at the camp, Saunter said, isolation isn’t much of a factor for him. “You know people’s emotions are getting the better of them, and it’s kind of at the cost of everybody, so it seems very irresponsible,” he said. A few weeks ago, she departed Kure and arrived on Midway Atoll, where she and the rest of the crew stayed for several days before flying back to Honolulu. Coastal cities have tsunami warning sirens. Tern Island is … Northwestern Hawaiian Islands September 18-23, and October 21 - November 15, 2002. The waves produced by the earthquakes travel at speeds of 400–500 miles per hour (600–800 km/h) and can affect coastal regions thousands of miles (kilometers) away. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands - Leeward Islands. The age of the archipelago has been estimated using potassium-argon dating methods.  The tropical storms, and occasional hurricanes, tend to occur from July through November.  This name was in use until the 1840s, when the local name "Hawaii" gradually began to take precedence. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are a chain of very small islands and atolls northwest of the main Hawaiian Islands. Explosive volcanic activity can cause tsunamis. Kure is the only island in the northern part of the archipelago that is managed by the state, with the rest under the jurisdiction of the federal government. Midway has limited internet access and basic cable television. , The eight main islands of Hawaii (also called the Hawaiian Windward Islands) are listed here. The group was part of an effort by the state of Hawaii to maintain the fragile island ecosystem on Kure, which is part of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, the nation’s largest contiguous protected environment. “I think I turned it on during the middle of the World Series,” she recalled. Often called the “rainforests” of the sea, coral reefs are vital to maintaining the biological diversity of our oceans. I was just like, click click, I don’t know, this is too much!”. Hawaii ranked as the state with the third most earthquakes over this time period, after Alaska and California.. Butschek said his uncle was ill before the pandemic, and he was not sure if COVID played a role in his death. 2 thoughts on “ The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Midway Atoll part 4) ” Pingback: The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Midway Atoll part 5) – hawaiisunshine. Shapefiles - Arc and PCI legend files for the NWHI maps/shapefiles. Hawaiʻi island (the Big Island) is the biggest and youngest island in the chain, built from five volcanoes. Then Butschek, 26, who lives near Dallas, received word that one of his best friends had been killed in a car accident. Most of the early earthquake monitoring took place in Hilo, by missionaries Titus Coan, Sarah J. Lyman and her family. President Theodore Roosevelt had declared the Northwestern Hawaiian chain a bird sanctuary in 1909 and the islands had been protected since 2000 with a designation as an 'ecosystem reserve' by President Bill Clinton, but increasing it to national monument status provides unprecedented control. Worcester first visited the island in 2010 and has returned every year since. Midway is unincorporated United States territory and the Fish and Wildlife Service manages the area. That’s a huge morale booster, and I don’t take it lightly,” Vanderlip said. Several water mains ruptured. It was very strange to think about.”. Only a species that could fly or swim immense distances could reach the archipelago. It wasn’t really a big concern for us.”. Formerly the group was known to Europeans and Americans as the Sandwich Islands, a name that James Cook chose in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands span appr oximately 1200 miles from Nihoa Island to . Earthquakes are monitored by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory run by the USGS. With the establishment of the Ocean Exploration Program within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), we have a great opportunity reach out in new ways to teachers, students, and the general public and share the excitement of daily discoveries while at sea and the science behind the exploration initiatives sponsored by NOAA. A tsunami resulting from an earthquake in Japan hit the islands on March 11, 2011. Bringing more of the place to the people. Hawaii is the only U.S. state that is not geographically connected to North America. They stretch from Nihoa Island, northwest of the main Hawaiian Islands, to Kure Atoll, northwest of Midway. Marine debris removal sites include Kure, Midway, and Pearl and Hermes . The Hilina Slump on the island of Hawaiʻi is another potential place for a large landslide and resulting tsunami. Minor-to-moderate damage was reported on most of the Big Island. HONOLULU (AP) — Just as the coronavirus pandemic began to take hold, in February, four people set sail for one of the most remote places on Earth — a small camp on Kure Atoll, at the edge of the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The largest single area dedicated to conservation in the United States, and one of the largest in the world, the Papahánaumokuá kea Marine National Monument is home to over 7,000 marine species. In this exhibit. On May 4, 2018 there was a 6.9 earthquake in the zone of volcanic activity from Kīlauea. “But, you know, we’re off. Leading the camp on Kure was wildlife biologist Naomi Worcester, 43, and her partner, Matthew Saunter, who live together in Honolulu. The Kure Atoll is located in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands where far fewer people go than the main islands of Hawaii. Take, for example, the wildlife, which offers a glimpse into how Hawaii … To be successful on Kure, you have to tackle problems head-on and control your emotions, he said. Related Photo Gallery: Isolated island crew at remote camp in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands sees coronavirus pandemic for 1st time Just as the … Process of map development described in detail. The NOAA ship Hi’ialakai (“embracing the pathways of the sea”) is on a 28-day voyage to the farthest reaches of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. With no television or internet access, their only information came from satellite text messages and occasional emails. Section 1, Section 2, Section 3. “A few times a day, we upload and download email so people stay in touch with their family and friends. , The Hawaiian Islands have many earthquakes, generally caused by volcanic activity. “I thought to myself, huh, maybe we need to look that up, because what’s the difference between a pandemic and an epidemic?”, Now “it’s a word that’s in everybody’s vocabulary.”. Kure, Tern Island at French Frigate Shoals, and Laysan were developed to a lesser extent but still contain a few buildings and other man-made features. Formerly the group was known to Europeans and Americans as the Sandwich Islands, a name that James Cook chose in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. The public is not allowed to land anywhere in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Except for Midway, which is an unincorporated territory of the United States, these islands and islets are administered as Hawaii—the 50th state of the United States. As of 2009[update], many of the remaining endemic species are considered endangered. The islands were first known to Europeans after the expedition of Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón in 1527. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (the NWHI) are a network of coral reefs, islands, atolls, and shoals that arches through the Pacific for 1,200 miles northwest of the Main Hawaiian Islands. Two field teams go there each year, one for summer and another for winter. Consider booking refundable hotels rather than non-refundable ones. No deaths or life-threatening injuries were reported. These included species such as rats and pigs, that have preyed on native birds and invertebrates that initially evolved in the absence of such predators. In 2012, they began leading teams at the field camp. Several major roadways became impassable from rock slides, and effects were felt as far away as Honolulu, Oahu, nearly 150 miles (240 km) from the epicenter. There, more than 1,400 miles from Honolulu, they lived in isolation for eight months while working to restore the island’s environment. A tsunami resulting from an earthquake in Chile hit the islands on February 27, 2010. Green Island, Kure Atoll NOAA Hawaii Pictures • Scenery • Hawaii Beaches • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.  On August 26, 2016, President Barack Obama greatly expanded Papahānaumokuākea, quadrupling it from its original size. His mother emailed to tell him that her brother had died. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Education. Power outages lasted for several hours to days. “If we had taken it more seriously and practiced more precautions, we could have squashed this thing.”, He remembers being on Kure when his sister called the outbreak a “pandemic.”, “I got an email from my sister and she used the word ‘pandemic,’” he said. Joining her on the island was Matthew Butschek II, who said he felt most alone when he received news about two deaths. 1984. She finished school a year early to start her first job as a deckhand for an organization dedicated to cleaning up coastlines before volunteering for the summer season on Kure Atoll. The Governor declared it a "good drill" for the next major event. , The arrival of the Europeans had a more significant impact, with the promotion of large-scale single-species export agriculture and livestock grazing. Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. 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