31. Iceland was the last land in Europe to be settled and populated. The half of the population of the country lives in capital Reykjavik and its nearby areas. The world’s first democratically directly elected female president was an Icelander. After a few minutes of skittishness and slight embarrassment, we found ourselves totally enjoying it. The Reykjanes lava fields are a geothermal wonder and a beautiful place where lighthouses outnumber villages. Iceland, like the United States, enacted a prohibition on alcoholic beverages in the early 1900s. 6. Museums showing the history and lifestyle of the Icelandic farming/fishing society take on a more personal feel as they are usually private collections of people in the area. This is to celebrate that fact that beer is once again legal in Iceland. The nation’s official language, both spoken and written, is Icelandic, descended from Old Norse. Its official currency is Icelandic króna (ISK). Iceland changed Iceland changed into at first protected in forests as far as the attention could see according to widely wide-spread history, a seafarer named Garðarr Svávarsson sailed around the complete island in the later ninth century and proclaimed that it becomes “wooded … Oct 3, 2019 - Spread the love Saturday, June 29, 20191. Iceland History . Ellis Island sits in New York Harbor and was one of the busiest immigration processing centers from 1892 to 1954. Robben Island plays an important role in the African history. Despite its name, Iceland’s surface is only ten percent iceand it has surprisingly mild winters due to the warming effect of the Atlantic Gulf Stream. But, artifacts found on the island show evidence of … Iceland is a Nordic island country with an intriguing history and spectacular natural attractions that bring many tourists to the island. Dettifoss Waterfall is the most powerful waterfall in Europe. A national referendum led to the legalization of most alcoholic beverages in 1935 with one exception—beer containing more than 2.25 percent alcohol. Iceland is an alluring and beautiful country, with a rich history and plenty of fascinating facts about it that most people don't know! Vigdis Finbogadóttir was elected in 1980. Learn about Iceland's history and its people. Broad, multi-hued beaches flank the southern coast, roaring bird colonies abound, fjordheads tower above and then plunge into the deep, and a network of ruddy roads twists throughout, adding an extra edge of adventure. The earliest inhabitants of Iceland were Irish hermits, who left the island upon the arrival of the pagan Norse people in the late 9th century. In 874 Viking explorers from Norway & the British Isles settled on the island. The 1915 ban was much like Prohibition in the United States, and banned all alcohol in Iceland. Vatnajökull glacier is the largest ice cap in Europe. The president is elected by direct popular vote for a term of four years, with no term limit. Iceland Facts for Kids. Some historians believe that Columbus visited Iceland’s Snaefellsnes Peninsula on a trading mission in 1477 and there learned of Viking explorations of the New World. 34. History . Iceland is ranked in the top three countries for women to live in. 10. Here we are listing 10 Facts about Iceland that you don’t know, Facts about Iceland. Use this timeline to learn more about the history of Iceland. Volcanic activity is unpredictable and uncontrollable man. Its population is surpassed by countries such as Luxembourg, Fiji and Brunei and more than 50 American cities, including New Orleans, Tulsa and the California home of Disneyland. Iceland is responsible for more than a third of all the fresh lava on earth in the last six hundred years. Iceland is the most eco-friendly country in the world in terms of their energy sources. Although many New Zealanders can trace their roots back to 19th-century migrants, just two immigration-related buildings survive from this period, both from quarantine stations: on Quarantine Island in Otago Harbour and Quail Island in Lyttelton Harbour. Short History; Facts; Sagas; You are here. Quail Island, Lyttelton Harbour (1875) Our Ellis Island? There are no reptiles or amphibians there. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of … 3. 37. Iceland is the oldest democracy in the world. Iceland began forming about 24 million years ago from volcanic eruptions on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It has flat surface. Learn some interesting information about Iceland while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids! Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, is the northernmost national capital in the world. Iceland was founded by the Vikings. 27. They’ve been replaced and repositioned over the years. This is a summary of the history of Iceland in chronological order. Following the creation of its constitution, Iceland was independent until 1262. It became one of the most developed and wealthiest nations in the world and remains so today. More eruptions in April forced hundreds to abandon their homes. 74. 12. 2. They came mainly from Norway and elsewhere in Scandinavia, and from the Norse settlements in the British Isles, from where a Celtic element was also introduced. Iceland became independent in 1918 and founded the Republic of Iceland in 1944. 1. A new epoch in the history of Iceland had begun. Iceland was founded during the Viking Age of exploration and settled by Norsemen from Scandinavia and Celts from the British Isles. Day Tours; Golden Circle; Bus Excursions; Northern Lights; All Activities. Background: This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends. Grímsvötn is Iceland's most frequently active volcano, probably because it is located on the center of the active NE rift zone of Iceland. One of Iceland’s most active volcanoes, its eruption was much more powerful than that of Eyjafjallaökull, with a 12 mile (20 km) ash and lava spray. Wherever you go in the countryside, there will be some museum or gallery celebrating the culture of the area. Iceland is one of two places in the world where you can see tectonic plates separate above sea level. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. 28. 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